InterPro : IPR004530

Name  Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, class IIc, mitochondrial Short Name  Phe-tRNA-synth_IIc_mito
Type  Family Description  The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (also known as aminoacyl-tRNA ligase) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology []. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric []. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [, , ]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. Thesynthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase () is an alpha2/beta2 tetramer composed of 2 subunits that belongs to class IIc. In eubacteria, a small subunit (pheS gene) can be designated as beta (E. coli) or alpha subunit (nomenclature adopted in InterPro). Reciprocally the large subunit(pheT gene) can be designated as alpha (E. coli) or beta (see and ). In all other kingdoms the two subunits have equivalent length in eukaryota, and can be identified by specific signatures. The enzyme from Thermus thermophilushas an alpha 2 beta 2 type quaternary structure and is one of the most complicated members of the synthetase family. Identification of phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase as a member of class II aaRSs was based only on sequence alignment of the small alpha-subunit with other synthetases [].This family describes the mitochondrial phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases. Unlike all other known phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetases, the mitochondrial form demonstrated from yeast is monomeric. It is similar to but longer than the alpha subunit (PheS) of the alpha 2 beta 2 form found in bacteria, Archaea, and eukaryotes, and shares the characteristic motifs of class II aminoacyl-tRNA ligases.
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Sequence Features

GO Displayer

Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

3 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR002319 Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase Phenylalanyl-tRNA_Synthase Domain
IPR005121 Phenylalanine-tRNA ligase, beta subunit, ferrodoxin-fold anticodon-binding PheS_beta_Fdx_antiC-bd Domain
IPR006195 Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, class II aa-tRNA-synth_II Domain

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

7 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Perona JJ Structural basis for transfer RNA aminoacylation by Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase. 1993 Biochemistry 32 8758-71
Delarue M The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family: modules at work. 1993 Bioessays 15 675-87
Cusack S Sequence, structural and evolutionary relationships between class 2 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. 1991 Nucleic Acids Res 19 3489-98
Schimmel P Classes of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and the establishment of the genetic code. 1991 Trends Biochem Sci 16 1-3
Sugiura I The 2.0 A crystal structure of Thermus thermophilus methionyl-tRNA synthetase reveals two RNA-binding modules. 2000 Structure 8 197-208
Eriani G Partition of tRNA synthetases into two classes based on mutually exclusive sets of sequence motifs. 1990 Nature 347 203-6
Mosyak L Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase from Thermus thermophilus has four antiparallel folds of which only two are catalytically functional. 1993 Biochimie 75 1091-8



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)