InterPro : IPR018202

Name  Peptidase S10, serine carboxypeptidase, active site Short Name  Peptidase_S10_AS
Type  Active_site Description  Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes []. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence []. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [].Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base []. The geometric orientations ofthe catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds []. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [, ].This group of serine peptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family S10 (clan SC). The type example is carboxypeptidase Y from Saccharomyces cerevisiae(Baker's yeast) [].All known carboxypeptidases are either metallo carboxypeptidases or serine carboxypeptidases (and ). The catalytic activity of the serine carboxypeptidases, like that of the trypsin family serine proteases, is provided by a charge relay system involving an aspartic acid residue hydrogen-bonded to a histidine, which is itself hydrogen-bonded to a serine []. The sequences surrounding the active site serine and histidine residues are highly conserved in all the serine carboxypeptidases.
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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

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1 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR001563 Peptidase S10, serine carboxypeptidase Peptidase_S10 Family

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3 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Rawlings ND Evolutionary families of peptidases. 1993 Biochem J 290 ( Pt 1) 205-18
Rawlings ND Families of serine peptidases. 1994 Methods Enzymol 244 19-61
Liao DI Structure of wheat serine carboxypeptidase II at 3.5-A resolution. A new class of serine proteinase. 1990 J Biol Chem 265 6528-31



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)