InterPro : IPR002471

Name  Peptidase S9, serine active site Short Name  Pept_S9_AS
Type  Active_site Description  Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes []. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence []. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [].Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base []. The geometric orientations of the catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds []. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [, ].This signature defines the active site of the serine peptidases belonging to MEROPS peptidase family S9 (prolyl oligopeptidase family, clan SC). The protein fold of the peptidase domain for members of this family resembles that of serine carboxypeptidase D, the type example of clan SC. Examples of protein families containing this active site are:Prolyl endopeptidase () (PE) (also called post-proline cleavingenzyme). PE is an enzyme that cleaves peptide bonds on the C-terminal sideof prolyl residues. The sequence of PE has been obtained from Sus scrofa(Pig) and from bacteria (Flavobacterium meningosepticumandAeromonas hydrophila); there is a high degree of sequence conservationbetween these sequences.Escherichia coliprotease II () (oligopeptidase B) (gene prtB)which cleaves peptide bonds on the C-terminal side of lysyl and argininylresidues.Dipeptidyl peptidase IV () (DPP IV). DPP IV is an enzyme thatremoves N-terminal dipeptides sequentially from polypeptides havingunsubstituted N-termini provided that the penultimate residue is proline.Saccharomyces cerevisiae(Baker's yeast) vacuolar dipeptidyl aminopeptidase A (DPAP A) (gene: STE13) which is responsible for the proteolytic maturation of the alpha-factor precursor.Yeast vacuolar dipeptidyl aminopeptidase B (DPAP B) (gene: DAP2).Acylamino-acid-releasing enzyme () (acyl-peptide hydrolase).This enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of the amino-terminal peptide bond ofan N-acetylated protein to generate a N-acetylated amino acid and a proteinwith a free amino-terminus.This signature contains the conserved serine residue that has been experimentally shown (in E. coli protease II as well as in pig and bacterial PE) to be necessary for the catalytic mechanism. This serine, which is part of the catalytic triad (Ser, His, Asp),is generally located about 150 residues away from the C-terminal extremity ofthese enzymes (which are all proteins that contain about 700 to 800 aminoacids).

Sequence Features

GO Displayer


InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs



0 Child Features

0 Contains

2 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR001375 Peptidase S9, prolyl oligopeptidase, catalytic domain Peptidase_S9 Domain
IPR002470 Peptidase S9A, prolyl oligopeptidase Peptidase_S9A Family

0 Parent Features

2 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Rawlings ND Evolutionary families of peptidases. 1993 Biochem J 290 ( Pt 1) 205-18
Rawlings ND Families of serine peptidases. 1994 Methods Enzymol 244 19-61

To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)