InterPro : IPR003967

Name  Potassium channel, voltage-dependent, ERG Short Name  K_chnl_volt-dep_ERG
Type  Family Description  Potassium channels are the most diverse group of the ion channel family[, ]. They are important in shaping the action potential, and in neuronal excitability and plasticity []. The potassium channel family iscomposed of several functionally distinct isoforms, which can be broadlyseparated into 2 groups []: the practically non-inactivating 'delayed' group and the rapidly inactivating 'transient' group.These are all highly similar proteins, with only small amino acidchanges causing the diversity of the voltage-dependent gating mechanism,channel conductance and toxin binding properties. Each type of K+channel is activated by different signals and conditions depending on their type of regulation: some open in response to depolarisation of the plasma membrane; others in response to hyperpolarisation or an increase in intracellular calcium concentration; some can be regulated by binding of a transmitter, together with intracellular kinases; while others are regulated by GTP-binding proteins orother second messengers []. In eukaryotic cells, K+channelsare involved in neural signalling and generation of the cardiac rhythm, act as effectors in signal transduction pathways involving G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) and may have a role in target cell lysis by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes []. In prokaryotic cells, they play a role in themaintenance of ionic homeostasis [].All K+channels discovered so far possess a core of alpha subunits, each comprising either one or two copies of a highly conserved pore loop domain (P-domain). The P-domain contains the sequence (T/SxxTxGxG), which hasbeen termed the K+selectivity sequence.In families that contain one P-domain, four subunits assemble to form a selective pathway for K+across the membrane.However, it remains unclear how the 2 P-domain subunits assemble to form a selective pore. The functional diversity of these families can arise through homo- or hetero-associations of alpha subunits or association with auxiliary cytoplasmic beta subunits. K+channel subunits containing one pore domain can be assigned into one of two superfamilies: those that possess six transmembrane (TM) domains and those that possess only two TM domains.The six TM domain superfamily can be further subdivided into conserved gene families: the voltage-gated (Kv) channels; the KCNQ channels (originally known as KvLQT channels); the EAG-like K+channels; and three types of calcium (Ca)-activated K+channels (BK, IK and SK)[]. The 2TM domain family comprises inward-rectifying K+channels. In addition, there are K+channel alpha-subunits that possess two P-domains. These are usually highly regulated K+selective leak channels.The first EAG K+ channel was identified in Drosophila melanogaster(Fruit fly), following a screen for mutations giving rise to behavioural abnormalities. Disruption of the Eag gene caused an ether-induced, leg-shaking behaviour. Subsequent studies have revealed a conserved multi-gene family of EAG-like K+ channels, which are present in human and many other species. Based on the varying functional properties of the channels, the family has been divided into 3 subfamilies: EAG, ELK and ERG. Interestingly, Caenorhabditis elegansappears to lack the ELK type [].The human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG), cloned from hippocampus, shares 49% amino acid identity with EAG. It is also found in the heart, where it helps to control K+ efflux []. Mutations in HERG result in the disruption of the repolarising current and the disease LQT2 syndrome, an inheriteddisorder of cardiac repolarisation that predisposes affected individuals tolife-threatening arrhythmias [].
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Sequence Features

GO Displayer

Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

1 Child Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR030172 Potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily H member 2 KCNH2 Family

4 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR005821 Ion transport domain Ion_trans_dom Domain
IPR018490 Cyclic nucleotide-binding-like cNMP-bd-like Domain
IPR000595 Cyclic nucleotide-binding domain cNMP-bd_dom Domain
IPR014710 RmlC-like jelly roll fold RmlC-like_jellyroll Domain

0 Found In

1 Parent Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR003938 Potassium channel, voltage-dependent, EAG/ELK/ERG K_chnl_volt-dep_EAG/ELK/ERG Family

10 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Perney TM The molecular biology of K+ channels. 1991 Curr Opin Cell Biol 3 663-70
Luneau C Shaw-like rat brain potassium channel cDNA's with divergent 3' ends. 1991 FEBS Lett 288 163-7
Attali B Cloning, functional expression, and regulation of two K+ channels in human T lymphocytes. 1992 J Biol Chem 267 8650-7
Schwarz TL Multiple potassium-channel components are produced by alternative splicing at the Shaker locus in Drosophila. 1988 Nature 331 137-42
Tempel BL Cloning of a probable potassium channel gene from mouse brain. 1988 Nature 332 837-9
Stühmer W Molecular basis of functional diversity of voltage-gated potassium channels in mammalian brain. 1989 EMBO J 8 3235-44
Miller C An overview of the potassium channel family. 2000 Genome Biol 1 REVIEWS0004
Littleton JT Ion channels and synaptic organization: analysis of the Drosophila genome. 2000 Neuron 26 35-43
Trudeau MC HERG, a human inward rectifier in the voltage-gated potassium channel family. 1995 Science 269 92-5
Chen J Long QT syndrome-associated mutations in the Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domain of HERG potassium channels accelerate channel deactivation. 1999 J Biol Chem 274 10113-8



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Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)