InterPro : IPR012985

Name  Peptidase S64, Ssy5 Short Name  Peptidase_S64_Ssy5
Type  Family Description  Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes []. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence []. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [].Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base []. The geometric orientations of the catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds []. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [, ].This family of fungal proteins is involved in the processing of membrane bound transcription factor Stp1 []and belongs to MEROPS petidase family S64 (clan PA). The processing causes the signalling domain of Stp1 to be passed to the nucleus where several permease genes are induced. The permeases are important for uptake of amino acids, and processing of tp1 only occurs in an amino acid-rich environment. This family is predicted to be distantly related to the trypsin family (MEROPS peptidase family S1) and to have a typical trypsin-like catalytic triad [].
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Sequence Features

GO Displayer

Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

1 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR009003 Trypsin-like cysteine/serine peptidase domain Trypsin-like_Pept_dom Domain

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

3 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Rawlings ND Evolutionary families of peptidases. 1993 Biochem J 290 ( Pt 1) 205-18
Rawlings ND Families of serine peptidases. 1994 Methods Enzymol 244 19-61
Abdel-Sater F Amino acid signaling in yeast: casein kinase I and the Ssy5 endoprotease are key determinants of endoproteolytic activation of the membrane-bound Stp1 transcription factor. 2004 Mol Cell Biol 24 9771-85



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)