InterPro : IPR008269

Name  Peptidase S16, Lon C-terminal Short Name  Pept_S16_C
Type  Domain Description  Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes []. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence []. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [].Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base []. The geometric orientations of the catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds []. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [, ].This signature defines the C-terminal proteolytic domain of the archael, bacterial and eukaryotic Lon proteases, which are ATP-dependent serine peptidases belonging to peptidase family S16 (Lon protease family, clan SF).
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Sequence Features

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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

1 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR008268 Peptidase S16, active site Peptidase_S16_AS Active_site

6 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR004815 Lon protease, bacterial/eukaryotic-type Lon_bac/euk-typ Family
IPR004504 DNA repair protein RadA DNA_repair_RadA Family
IPR004663 Lon protease, archaeal Lon_arc Family
IPR014251 Sporulation protease LonB Spore_LonB Family
IPR014252 Sporulation protease LonC Spore_LonC Family
IPR013473 Conserved hypothetical protein CHP02653, peptidase S16 non-peptidase homologue CHP02653_pept_S16_UNW Family

1 Parent Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR020568 Ribosomal protein S5 domain 2-type fold Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold Domain

2 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Rawlings ND Evolutionary families of peptidases. 1993 Biochem J 290 ( Pt 1) 205-18
Rawlings ND Families of serine peptidases. 1994 Methods Enzymol 244 19-61



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)