InterPro : IPR001720

Name  PI3 kinase, P85 regulatory subunit Short Name  PI3kinase_P85
Type  Family Description  Protein phosphorylation, which plays a key role in most cellular activities, is a reversible process mediated by protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases. Protein kinases catalyse the transfer of the gamma phosphate from nucleotide triphosphates (often ATP) to one or more amino acid residues in a protein substrate side chain, resulting in a conformational change affecting protein function. Phosphoprotein phosphatases catalyse the reverse process. Protein kinases fall into three broad classes, characterised with respect to substrate specificity []:Serine/threonine-protein kinasesTyrosine-protein kinasesDual specificity protein kinases (e.g. MEK - phosphorylates both Thr and Tyr on target proteins)Protein kinase function is evolutionarily conserved from Escherichia coli to human []. Protein kinases play a role in a multitude of cellular processes, including division, proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation []. Phosphorylation usually results in a functional change of the target protein by changing enzyme activity, cellular location, or association with other proteins. The catalytic subunits of protein kinases are highly conserved, and several structures have been solved [], leading to large screens to develop kinase-specific inhibitors for the treatments of a number of diseases [].PI3 kinases are enzymes that phosphorylate phosphoinositides on the 3-hydroxyl group of the inositol ring. The precise functions of the three products of PI3 kinase (PI-3-P, PI-3,4-P and PI-3,4,5-P) are not yet known, but it is suggested that they function as second messengers in signal transduction events in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. There are several forms of PI3 kinase. One of these is the mammalian enzyme, a heterodimer of a 110 kDa catalytic subunit and an 85 kDa regulatory subunit, which allows it to bind to activated tyrosine protein kinases. PI3 kinase P85 alpha subunits contain an N-terminal SH3 domain, and two SH2 domains in the C-terminal half of the sequence [, ].
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Sequence Features

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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

2 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR001452 SH3 domain SH3_domain Domain
IPR000980 SH2 domain SH2 Domain

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

7 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Hanks SK The protein kinase family: conserved features and deduced phylogeny of the catalytic domains. 1988 Science 241 42-52
Manning G Evolution of protein kinase signaling from yeast to man. 2002 Trends Biochem Sci 27 514-20
Manning G The protein kinase complement of the human genome. 2002 Science 298 1912-34
Stout TJ High-throughput structural biology in drug discovery: protein kinases. 2004 Curr Pharm Des 10 1069-82
Li B Creating chemical diversity to target protein kinases. 2004 Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 7 453-72
Escobedo JA cDNA cloning of a novel 85 kd protein that has SH2 domains and regulates binding of PI3-kinase to the PDGF beta-receptor. 1991 Cell 65 75-82
Otsu M Characterization of two 85 kd proteins that associate with receptor tyrosine kinases, middle-T/pp60c-src complexes, and PI3-kinase. 1991 Cell 65 91-104



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)