InterPro : IPR001901

Name  Protein translocase complex, SecE/Sec61-gamma subunit Short Name  Translocase_SecE/Sec61-g
Type  Family Description  Secretion across the inner membrane in some Gram-negative bacteria occurs via the preprotein translocasepathway. Proteins are produced in the cytoplasm as precursors, and require a chaperone subunit to direct them tothe translocase component []. From there, the mature proteins are either targeted to the outermembrane, or remain as periplasmic proteins. The translocase protein subunits are encoded on the bacterialchromosome.The translocase itself comprises 7 proteins, including a chaperone protein (SecB), an ATPase (SecA), an integralmembrane complex (SecCY, SecE and SecG), and two additional membrane proteins that promote the release ofthe mature peptide into the periplasm (SecD and SecF) []. The chaperone protein SecB []is a highly acidic homotetrameric protein that exists as a "dimer of dimers" in the bacterial cytoplasm.SecB maintains preproteins in an unfolded state after translation, and targets these to the peripheral membraneprotein ATPase SecA for secretion []. SecE, part of the main SecYEG translocase complex, is ~106 residues in length, and spans the inner membrane of the Gram-negative bacterial envelope. Together withSecY and SecG, SecE forms a multimeric channel through which preproteinsare translocated, using both proton motive forces and ATP-driven secretion. The latter is mediated by SecA. In eukaryotes, the evolutionary related protein sec61-gamma plays a role in protein translocation through the endoplasmic reticulum; it is part of a trimeric complex that also consist of sec61-alpha and beta []. Both secE and sec61-gamma are small proteins of about 60 to 90 amino acids that contain a single transmembrane region at their C-terminal extremity (Escherichia coli secE is an exception, in that it possess an extra N-terminal segment of 60 residues that contains two additional transmembrane domains) [].
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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

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2 Child Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR008158 Protein translocase SEC61 complex, gamma subunit Translocase_Sec61-g Family
IPR005807 SecE subunit of protein translocation complex SecE_bac Family

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5 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Bieker KL The sec and prl genes of Escherichia coli. 1990 J Bioenerg Biomembr 22 291-310
Driessen AJ SecB, a molecular chaperone with two faces. 2001 Trends Microbiol 9 193-6
Müller JP Effects of pre-protein overexpression on SecB synthesis in Escherichia coli. 1999 FEMS Microbiol Lett 176 219-27
Pohlschröder M Protein translocation in the three domains of life: variations on a theme. 1997 Cell 91 563-6
Hartmann E Evolutionary conservation of components of the protein translocation complex. 1994 Nature 367 654-7



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)