InterPro : IPR013843

Name  Ribosomal protein S4e, N-terminal Short Name  Ribosomal_S4e_N
Type  Domain Description  Ribosomes are the particles that catalyse mRNA-directed protein synthesis in all organisms. The codons of the mRNA are exposed on the ribosome to allow tRNA binding. This leads to the incorporation of amino acids into the growing polypeptide chain in accordance with the genetic information. Incoming amino acid monomers enter the ribosomal A site in the form of aminoacyl-tRNAs complexed with elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and GTP. The growing polypeptide chain, situated in the P site as peptidyl-tRNA, is then transferred to aminoacyl-tRNA and the new peptidyl-tRNA, extended by one residue, is translocated to the P site with the aid the elongation factor G (EF-G) and GTP as the deacylated tRNA is released from the ribosome through one or more exit sites [, ]. About 2/3 of the mass of the ribosome consists of RNA and 1/3 of protein. The proteins are named in accordance with the subunit of the ribosome which they belong to - the small (S1 to S31) and the large (L1 to L44). Usually they decorate the rRNA cores of the subunits. Many ribosomal proteins, particularly those of the large subunit, are composed of a globular, surfaced-exposed domain with long finger-like projections that extend into the rRNA core to stabilise its structure. Most of the proteins interact with multiple RNA elements, often from different domains. In the large subunit, about 1/3 of the 23S rRNA nucleotides are at least in van der Waal's contact with protein, and L22 interacts with all six domains of the 23S rRNA. Proteins S4 and S7, which initiate assembly of the 16S rRNA, are located at junctions of five and four RNA helices, respectively. In this way proteins serve to organise and stabilise the rRNA tertiary structure. While the crucial activities of decoding and peptide transfer are RNA based, proteins play an active role in functions that may have evolved to streamline the process of protein synthesis. In addition to their function in the ribosome, many ribosomal proteins have some function 'outside' the ribosome [, ].A number of eukaryotic and archaeal ribosomal proteins can be grouped on the basis of sequence similarities. One of these families includes yeast S7 (YS6); archaeal S4e; and mammalian and plant cytoplasmic S4 []. Two highly similar isoforms of mammalian S4 exist, one coded by a gene on chromosome Y, and the other on chromosome X. These proteins have 233 to 264 amino acids.This entry represents the N-terminal region of these proteins.
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Sequence Features

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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

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0 Child Features

1 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR018199 Ribosomal protein S4e, N-terminal, conserved site Ribosomal_S4e_N_CS Conserved_site

1 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR000876 Ribosomal protein S4e Ribosomal_S4e Family

0 Parent Features

4 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Ramakrishnan V Atomic structures at last: the ribosome in 2000. 2001 Curr Opin Struct Biol 11 144-54
Maguire BA The ribosome in focus. 2001 Cell 104 813-6
Chandra Sanyal S The end of the beginning: structural studies of ribosomal proteins. 2000 Curr Opin Struct Biol 10 633-6
Fisher EM Homologous ribosomal protein genes on the human X and Y chromosomes: escape from X inactivation and possible implications for Turner syndrome. 1990 Cell 63 1205-18



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)