InterPro : IPR011016

Name  Zinc finger, RING-CH-type Short Name  Znf_RING-CH
Type  Domain Description  Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis(African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [, , , , ]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few []. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target. The RING finger is a well characterised zinc finger which coordinates two zinc atoms in a cross-braced manner (see ). According to the pattern of cysteines and histidines three different subfamilies of RING finger can be defined. The classical RING finger (RING-HC) has a histidine at the fourthcoordinating position and a cysteine at the fifth. In the RING-H2 variant, both the fourth and fifth positions are occupied by histidines. The RING-CH, which is very similar to the classical RING finger, differs from both of these variants in that it has a cys residue in the fourth position and a His in the fifth. Another difference between the RING-CH and the common RING variants is a somewhat longer peptide segment between the fourth and fifth zinc-coordinating residues. The RING-CH zinc finger has thus the same arrangement of cysteine and histidine (C4HC3) as the PHD zinc finger (see ) but it contains features (spacing between the cysteines and the histidine) characteristic of the genuine RING-finger (C3HC4) [, ]. The RING-CH-type is an E3 ligase mainly found in proteins associated to membranes [, ].The solution structure of the RING-CH-type zinc finger of the herpesvirus Mir1 protein has shown that it is an outlying relative of the cellular RING finger domain family, with its polypeptide backbone much more closely resembling that of RING domains than PHD domains []. The only real difference between the classic and variant RING domains, other than the alteration of zinc ligands, is the loss of the small beta-sheet found in RING domains and the replacement of one strand of this sheet with a single turn of helix. Some proteins that contains a RING-CH-type zinc finger are listed below:Yeast Doa10/SSM4 (). An E3 ligase essential for the endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation (ERAD), an ubiquitin-proteasome system responsible for the degradation of membrane and lumenal proteins of the endoplasmic reticulum.Mammalian membrane-associated RING-CH 1 to 9 (MARCH1 to 9) proteins.Human herpesvirus 8(HHV-8) (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) modulator of immune recognition 1 (). An E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase which promotes ubiquitination and subsequent degradation of host MHC-I and CD1D molecules, presumably to prevent lysis of infected cells by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes.
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11 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Matthews JM Zinc fingers--folds for many occasions. 2002 IUBMB Life 54 351-5
Gamsjaeger R Sticky fingers: zinc-fingers as protein-recognition motifs. 2007 Trends Biochem Sci 32 63-70
Hall TM Multiple modes of RNA recognition by zinc finger proteins. 2005 Curr Opin Struct Biol 15 367-73
Brown RS Zinc finger proteins: getting a grip on RNA. 2005 Curr Opin Struct Biol 15 94-8
Klug A Zinc finger peptides for the regulation of gene expression. 1999 J Mol Biol 293 215-8
Laity JH Zinc finger proteins: new insights into structural and functional diversity. 2001 Curr Opin Struct Biol 11 39-46
Dodd RB Solution structure of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus K3 N-terminal domain reveals a Novel E2-binding C4HC3-type RING domain. 2004 J Biol Chem 279 53840-7
Swanson R A conserved ubiquitin ligase of the nuclear envelope/endoplasmic reticulum that functions in both ER-associated and Matalpha2 repressor degradation. 2001 Genes Dev 15 2660-74
Aravind L Scores of RINGS but no PHDs in ubiquitin signaling. 2003 Cell Cycle 2 123-6
Ismail N Have you HRD? Understanding ERAD is DOAble! 2006 Cell 126 237-9
Deng M Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. 2006 Nature 443 827-31



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)