InterPro : IPR005743

Name  DNA gyrase, subunit A Short Name  GyrA
Type  Family Description  DNA topoisomerases regulate the number of topological links between two DNA strands (i.e. change the number of superhelical turns) by catalysing transient single- or double-strand breaks, crossing the strands through one another, then resealing the breaks []. These enzymes have several functions: to remove DNA supercoils during transcription and DNA replication; for strand breakage during recombination; for chromosome condensation; and to disentangle intertwined DNA during mitosis [, ]. DNA topoisomerases are divided into two classes: type I enzymes (; topoisomerases I, III and V) break single-strand DNA, and type II enzymes (; topoisomerases II, IV and VI) break double-strand DNA [].Type II topoisomerases are ATP-dependent enzymes, and can be subdivided according to their structure and reaction mechanisms: type IIA (topoisomerase II or gyrase, and topoisomerase IV) and type IIB (topoisomerase VI). These enzymes are responsible for relaxing supercoiled DNA as well as for introducing both negative and positive supercoils [].Topoisomerase II (called gyrase in bacteria) primarily introduces negative supercoils into DNA. In bacteria, topoisomerase II consists of two polypeptide subunits, gyrA and gyrB, which form a heterotetramer: (BA)2. In most eukaryotes, topoisomerase II consists of a single polypeptide, where the N- and C-terminal regions correspond to gyrB and gyrA, respectively.This entry represents the A subunit (gyrA) as found predominantly in bacteria, but does not include the topoisomerase II enzymes composed of a single polypeptide, as are found in most eukaryotes. GyrA has two functional domains: an N-terminal that forms the covalent DNA-protein bridge that is responsible for the breaking- and rejoining function, and a C-terminal that can bind DNA non-specifically [].
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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

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4 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR002205 DNA topoisomerase, type IIA, subunit A/C-terminal Topo_IIA_A/C Domain
IPR013760 DNA topoisomerase, type IIA-like domain Topo_IIA_like_dom Domain
IPR013758 DNA topoisomerase, type IIA, subunit A/ C-terminal, alpha-beta Topo_IIA_A/C_ab Domain
IPR013757 Type IIA DNA topoisomerase subunit A, alpha-helical domain Topo_IIA_A_a Domain

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6 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Roca J The mechanisms of DNA topoisomerases. 1995 Trends Biochem Sci 20 156-60
Champoux JJ DNA topoisomerases: structure, function, and mechanism. 2001 Annu Rev Biochem 70 369-413
Gadelle D Phylogenomics of type II DNA topoisomerases. 2003 Bioessays 25 232-42
Wang JC Cellular roles of DNA topoisomerases: a molecular perspective. 2002 Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3 430-40
Watt PM Structure and function of type II DNA topoisomerases. 1994 Biochem J 303 ( Pt 3) 681-95
Huang WM Bacterial diversity based on type II DNA topoisomerase genes. 1996 Annu Rev Genet 30 79-107



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)