InterPro : IPR002142

Name  Peptidase S49 Short Name  Peptidase_S49
Type  Domain Description  Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes []. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence []. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [].Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base []. The geometric orientations of the catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds []. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [, ].This group of serine peptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family S49 (protease IV family, clan S-). The predicted active site serine for members of this family occurs in a transmembrane domain. The domain defines sequences in viruses, archaea, bacteria and plants. These sequences are variously annotated in the different taxonomic groups, examples are:Viruses: capsid proteinArchaea: proteinase IV homologueBacteria: proteinase IV, sohB, SppA, pfaP, putative proteasePlants: SppA, protease IVThis group also contains proteins classified as non-peptidase homologues that either have been found experimentally to be without peptidase activity, or lack amino acid residues that are believed to be essential for the catalytic activity of peptidases. Related proteins, non-peptidase homologues and unclassified S49 members are also to be found in .

Sequence Features

GO Displayer


InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs



1 Child Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR004635 Peptidase S49, SppA Pept_S49_SppA Domain

0 Contains

1 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR004634 Peptidase S49, protease IV Pept_S49_pIV Family

0 Parent Features

2 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Rawlings ND Evolutionary families of peptidases. 1993 Biochem J 290 ( Pt 1) 205-18
Rawlings ND Families of serine peptidases. 1994 Methods Enzymol 244 19-61

To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)