InterPro : IPR017103

Name  Ionotropic glutamate receptor, plant Short Name  Iontropic_Glu_rcpt_pln
Type  Family Description  The ionotropic glutamate receptor family mediates most forms of excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian CNS. These channels also are required for synaptic plasticity and learning. Glutamate receptors have been divided into AMPA, kainate, and NMDA subtypes based on differences in agonist response. NMDA receptors require both membrane depolarization and glutamate-binding to open and are key regulators of long-term potentiation in the mammalian brain. AMPA and kainate receptors mediate fast synaptic transmission in the CNS. A fourth subfamily of glutamate receptors, delta, has recently been identified. The function of the delta family in neuronal signalling is unknown. Approximately 30 glutamate receptor genes are present in Drosophila, compared with 15 in Caenorhabditis elegans. Invertebrate glutamate receptors can be subdivided into kainate (15 genes in flies, four in worms), AMPA (three genes in both), NMDA (one type 1 and one type 2 gene in both species), and delta subfamilies (four genes in both) on the basis of sequence similarities with mammalian counterparts. In addition, several novel subtypes are present for which no mammalian homologues have been identified, though several show low similarity with the Arabidopsis Glur5 glutamate receptor. Mammalian NMDA receptors are tetramers containing two type 1 and two type 2 subunits. The genes found in worms and flies suggest conservation of this subunit structure in invertebrates. The Drosophila NMDA type 1 gene is expressed in brain. Genetic analysis in flies should reveal whether NMDA receptors have a universal role in cellular mechanisms of learning. Mutational analysis has been described for the Drosophila receptors GluR2A and GluR2B, which are involved in synaptic transmission at the larval neuromuscular junction.This group represents an ionotropic glutamate-like receptor, plant type.
 Feedback

Sequence Features

GO Displayer

Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

2 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR001320 Ionotropic glutamate receptor Iontro_rcpt Domain
IPR001828 Extracellular ligand-binding receptor ANF_lig-bd_rcpt Domain

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

0 Publications




To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)