InterPro : IPR015320

Name  DNA topoisomerase VI, subunit B, transducer Short Name  TopoVI_B_transducer
Type  Domain Description  DNA topoisomerases regulate the number of topological links between two DNA strands (i.e. change the number of superhelical turns) by catalysing transient single- or double-strand breaks, crossing the strands through one another, then resealing the breaks []. These enzymes have several functions: to remove DNA supercoils during transcription and DNA replication; for strand breakage during recombination; for chromosome condensation; and to disentangle intertwined DNA during mitosis [, ]. DNA topoisomerases are divided into two classes: type I enzymes (; topoisomerases I, III and V) break single-strand DNA, and type II enzymes (; topoisomerases II, IV and VI) break double-strand DNA [].Type II topoisomerases are ATP-dependent enzymes, and can be subdivided according to their structure and reaction mechanisms: type IIA (topoisomerase II or gyrase, and topoisomerase IV) and type IIB (topoisomerase VI). These enzymes are responsible for relaxing supercoiled DNA as well as for introducing both negative and positive supercoils [].This entry represents subunit B of topoisomerase VI, an ATP-dependent type IIB enzyme. Members of this family adopt a structure consisting of a four-stranded beta-sheet backed by three alpha-helices, the last of which is over 50 amino acids long and extends from the body of the protein by several turns. This domain has been proposed to mediate intersubunit communication by structurally transducing signals from the ATP binding and hydrolysis domains to the DNA binding and cleavage domains of the gyrase holoenzyme [].
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Sequence Features

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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

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0 Child Features

0 Contains

1 Found In

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR005734 DNA topoisomerase VI, subunit B TopoVI_B Family

1 Parent Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR014721 Ribosomal protein S5 domain 2-type fold, subgroup Ribosomal_S5_D2-typ_fold_subgr Domain

6 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Roca J The mechanisms of DNA topoisomerases. 1995 Trends Biochem Sci 20 156-60
Champoux JJ DNA topoisomerases: structure, function, and mechanism. 2001 Annu Rev Biochem 70 369-413
Gadelle D Phylogenomics of type II DNA topoisomerases. 2003 Bioessays 25 232-42
Wang JC Cellular roles of DNA topoisomerases: a molecular perspective. 2002 Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3 430-40
Watt PM Structure and function of type II DNA topoisomerases. 1994 Biochem J 303 ( Pt 3) 681-95
Corbett KD Structure of the topoisomerase VI-B subunit: implications for type II topoisomerase mechanism and evolution. 2003 EMBO J 22 151-63



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)