InterPro : IPR012089

Name  2-thiocytidine tRNA biosynthesis protein, TtcA Short Name  2-thiocytidine_tRNA_synth_TtcA
Type  Family Description  The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (also known as aminoacyl-tRNA ligase) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology []. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric []. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [, , ]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.This entry represents 2-thiocytidine tRNA biosynthesis protein TtcA, which is required for the thiolation of cytidine in position 32 of tRNA, to form 2-thiocytidine (s(2)C32). The modified nucleoside 2-thiocytidine (s(2)C) has so far been found in tRNA from archaea and bacteria. The TtcA protein family is characterised by the existence of both a PP-loop and a Cys-X(1)-X(2)-Cys motif in the central region of the protein but can be divided into two distinct groups based on the presence and location of additional Cys-X(1)-X(2)-Cys motifs in terminal regions of the sequence. Mutant analysis showed that both cysteines in this central conserved Cys-X(1)-X(2)-Cys motif are required for the formation of s(2)C []. The PP-loop motif appears to be a modified version of the P-loop of nucleotide binding domain that is involved in phosphate binding []. Named PP-motif, since it appears to be a part of a previously uncharacterised ATP pyrophophatase domain. ATP sulfurylases, Escherichia coliNtrL, and Bacillus subtilisOutB consist of this domain alone. In other proteins, the pyrophosphatase domain is associated with amidotransferase domains (type I or type II), a putative citrulline-aspartate ligase domain or a nitrilase/amidase domain.
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Sequence Features

GO Displayer

Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

3 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR011063 tRNA(Ile)-lysidine/2-thiocytidine synthase tRNA-lysidine/thiocyt_synth Domain
IPR014729 Rossmann-like alpha/beta/alpha sandwich fold Rossmann-like_a/b/a_fold Domain
IPR020554 Uncharacterised protein family UPF0021, conserved site UPF0021_CS Conserved_site

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

8 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Perona JJ Structural basis for transfer RNA aminoacylation by Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase. 1993 Biochemistry 32 8758-71
Delarue M The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family: modules at work. 1993 Bioessays 15 675-87
Cusack S Sequence, structural and evolutionary relationships between class 2 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. 1991 Nucleic Acids Res 19 3489-98
Schimmel P Classes of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and the establishment of the genetic code. 1991 Trends Biochem Sci 16 1-3
Sugiura I The 2.0 A crystal structure of Thermus thermophilus methionyl-tRNA synthetase reveals two RNA-binding modules. 2000 Structure 8 197-208
Eriani G Partition of tRNA synthetases into two classes based on mutually exclusive sets of sequence motifs. 1990 Nature 347 203-6
Bork P A P-loop-like motif in a widespread ATP pyrophosphatase domain: implications for the evolution of sequence motifs and enzyme activity. 1994 Proteins 20 347-55
Jäger G The conserved Cys-X1-X2-Cys motif present in the TtcA protein is required for the thiolation of cytidine in position 32 of tRNA from Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. 2004 J Bacteriol 186 750-7



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)