InterPro : IPR002448

Name  Odour-binding protein Short Name  Odour-bd
Type  Family Description  The crystal structures of several lipocalins have been solved and show a novel 8-stranded anti-parallel beta-barrel fold well conserved within thefamily. Sequence similarity within the family is at a much lower level andwould seem to be restricted to conserved disulphides and 3 motifs, whichform a juxtaposed cluster that may act as a common cell surface receptorsite []. By contrast, at the more variable end of the fold are found an internal ligand binding site and a putative surface for the formation of macromolecular complexes []. The anti-parallel beta-barrel fold is alsoexploited by the fatty acid-binding proteins (which function similarly bybinding small hydrophobic molecules), by avidin and the closely relatedmetalloprotease inhibitors, and by triabin. Similarity at the sequence level, however, is less obvious, being confined to a single short N-terminal motif.The lipocalin family can be subdivided into kernal and outlier sets. Thekernal lipocalins form the largest self consistent group, comprising the subfamily of odour-binding proteins. The outlier lipocalins form several smaller distinct subgroups: the OBPs, the von Ebner's gland proteins, alpha-1-acid glycoproteins, tick histamine binding proteins and the nitrophorins.Odour Binding Proteins (OBPs) []are associated with olfactory tissue, and seem able to bind odorant molecules with high specificity. Rattus norvegicus(Rat) OBP is localised to the lateralnasal, or Sterno's, gland, the largest of the 20 discrete nasal glands of the rat. A similar protein from the olfactory tissue of Rana pipiens(Northern leopard frog), which was named protein BG (Bowman's gland), has been identified,cloned and sequenced. It is thought that the OBPsmay function by concentrating and delivering odorant molecules to their receptors.Aphrodisin []is the major macromolecular component of hamster vaginaldischarge, and is secreted by vaginal tissue and the Bartholin's gland. These secretions, acting via the vomeronasal organ, are known to elicit acopulatory response in male hamsters. If applied to the hind parts of anunconscious male hamster and another male hamster is encouraged to nuzzle the treated area with its snout, the latter will reproducibly attempt an abortive copulation. Aphrodisin is responsible forthese effects, suggesting it is a mammalian proteinaceous pheromone. Probasin []is a lipocalin originally isolated from the nuclei of rat dorsolateral prostate epithelial cells. Probasin mRNA expression, which isregulated by androgens, gives rise to both a secreted and a nuclear form ofprobasin, the relative abundance of the two forms being correlated with celltype. Probasin concentration also seems to be closely linked with cell ageand state of differentiation.Bos taurus(Bovine) lipocalin allergen Bos d 2 is found in the secretory cells of skinapocrine sweat glands and the basement membranes of the epithelium and hairfollicles. Immunohistochemistry with a monoclonal anti-Bos d 2 antibody hasconfirmed that skin is the only tissue where mRNA encoding Bos d 2 is detected. This suggest that Bos d 2 is produced in sweat glands andtransported to the skin surface as a carrier of a pheromone. Because dander allergens of several mammalian species are lipocalins, the biological function of pheromone transport appears to be a common feature of animportant group of aeroallergens [].

Sequence Features

GO Displayer


InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs



0 Child Features

1 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR022272 Lipocalin family conserved site Lipocalin_CS Conserved_site

0 Found In

0 Parent Features

6 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Flower DR Multiple molecular recognition properties of the lipocalin protein family. 1995 J Mol Recognit 8 185-95
Flower DR The lipocalin protein family: structure and function. 1996 Biochem J 318 ( Pt 1) 1-14
Greenberg NM The rat probasin gene promoter directs hormonally and developmentally regulated expression of a heterologous gene specifically to the prostate in transgenic mice. 1994 Mol Endocrinol 8 230-9
Mägert HJ The golden hamster aphrodisin gene. Structure, expression in parotid glands of female animals, and comparison with a similar murine gene. 1999 J Biol Chem 274 444-50
Rouvinen J Probing the molecular basis of allergy. three-dimensional structure of the bovine lipocalin allergen Bos d 2. 1999 J Biol Chem 274 2337-43
Pelosi P Odorant-binding proteins: structural aspects. 1998 Ann N Y Acad Sci 855 281-93

To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)