InterPro : IPR022888

Name  Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, archaea Short Name  Glu_tRNA_synth_arc
Type  Family Description  The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (also known as aminoacyl-tRNA ligase) catalyse the attachment of an amino acid to its cognate transfer RNA molecule in a highly specific two-step reaction. These proteins differ widely in size and oligomeric state, and have limited sequence homology []. The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are divided into two classes, I and II. Class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases contain a characteristic Rossman fold catalytic domain and are mostly monomeric []. Class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases share an anti-parallel beta-sheet fold flanked by alpha-helices [], and are mostly dimeric or multimeric, containing at least three conserved regions [, , ]. However, tRNA binding involves an alpha-helical structure that is conserved between class I and class II synthetases. In reactions catalysed by the class I aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the aminoacyl group is coupled to the 2'-hydroxyl of the tRNA, while, in class II reactions, the 3'-hydroxyl site is preferred. The synthetases specific for arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, isoleucine, leucine, methionine, tyrosine, tryptophan and valine belong to class I synthetases. The synthetases specific for alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glycine, histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, and threonine belong to class-II synthetases. Based on their mode of binding to the tRNA acceptor stem, both classes of tRNA synthetases have been subdivided into three subclasses, designated 1a, 1b, 1c and 2a, 2b, 2c.Glutamate-tRNA ligase (also known as glutamyl-tRNA synthetase)() is a class Ic ligase and shows several similarities with glutamate-tRNA ligase concerning structure and catalytic properties. It is an alpha2 dimer. To date one crystal structure of a glutamate-tRNA ligase (Thermus thermophilus) has been solved. The molecule has the form of a bent cylinder and consists of four domains. The N-terminal half (domains 1 and 2) contains the 'Rossman fold' typical for class I ligases and resembles the corresponding part of Escherichia coliGlnRS, whereas the C-terminal half exhibits a GluRS-specific structure [].Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase catalyzes the attachment of glutamate to tRNA(Glu) in a two-step reaction: glutamate is first activated by ATP to form Glu-AMP and then transferred to the acceptor end of tRNA(Glu).This entry represents glutamyl-tRNA synthetase from archaea.

Sequence Features

GO Displayer


InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs



0 Child Features

0 Contains

0 Found In

1 Parent Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR004526 Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase, archaeal/eukaryotic cytosolic Glu-tRNA-synth_arc/euk Family

7 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Perona JJ Structural basis for transfer RNA aminoacylation by Escherichia coli glutaminyl-tRNA synthetase. 1993 Biochemistry 32 8758-71
Delarue M The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family: modules at work. 1993 Bioessays 15 675-87
Cusack S Sequence, structural and evolutionary relationships between class 2 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. 1991 Nucleic Acids Res 19 3489-98
Schimmel P Classes of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and the establishment of the genetic code. 1991 Trends Biochem Sci 16 1-3
Freist W Glutamyl-tRNA sythetase. 1997 Biol Chem 378 1313-29
Sugiura I The 2.0 A crystal structure of Thermus thermophilus methionyl-tRNA synthetase reveals two RNA-binding modules. 2000 Structure 8 197-208
Eriani G Partition of tRNA synthetases into two classes based on mutually exclusive sets of sequence motifs. 1990 Nature 347 203-6

To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)