InterPro : IPR004085

Name  DNA topoisomerase VI, subunit A Short Name  TopoVI_A
Type  Family Description  DNA topoisomerases regulate the number of topological links between two DNA strands (i.e. change the number of superhelical turns) by catalysing transient single- or double-strand breaks, crossing the strands through one another, then resealing the breaks []. These enzymes have several functions: to remove DNA supercoils during transcription and DNA replication; for strand breakage during recombination; for chromosome condensation; and to disentangle intertwined DNA during mitosis [, ]. DNA topoisomerases are divided into two classes: type I enzymes (; topoisomerases I, III and V) break single-strand DNA, and type II enzymes (; topoisomerases II, IV and VI) break double-strand DNA [].Type II topoisomerases are ATP-dependent enzymes, and can be subdivided according to their structure and reaction mechanisms: type IIA (topoisomerase II or gyrase, and topoisomerase IV) and type IIB (topoisomerase VI). These enzymes are responsible for relaxing supercoiled DNA as well as for introducing both negative and positive supercoils [].This entry represents subunit A of topoisomerase VI, a type IIB topoisomerase found predominantly in archaea, but also in a few eukayotes, such as the plant Arabidopsis thaliana[]. This enzyme assembles as a heterotetramer, consisting of two A subunits required for DNA cleavage and two B subunits required for ATP hydrolysis. The B subunit is structurally similar to the ATPase domain of type IIA topoisomerases, but the A subunit is distinct, and instead shares homology with the Spo11 protein that mediates double-strand DNA breaks during meiotic recombination in eukaryotes []. The core of subunit A is a dimer, with a deep groove in which the DNA molecule is thought to bind, with the monomers separating during DNA transport. Therefore, though related to type IIA topoisomerases, topoisomerase VI may have a distinctive mechanism of action.
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Sequence Features

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Proteins

InterPro protein domain ID --> Contigs

 

Other

0 Child Features

2 Contains

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR011991 Winged helix-turn-helix DNA-binding domain WHTH_DNA-bd_dom Domain
IPR013049 Spo11/DNA topoisomerase VI, subunit A, N-terminal Spo11/TopoVI_A_N Domain

0 Found In

1 Parent Features

Id Name Short Name Type
IPR002815 Spo11/DNA topoisomerase VI subunit A Spo11/TopoVI_A Family

7 Publications

First Author Title Year Journal Volume Pages
Roca J The mechanisms of DNA topoisomerases. 1995 Trends Biochem Sci 20 156-60
Champoux JJ DNA topoisomerases: structure, function, and mechanism. 2001 Annu Rev Biochem 70 369-413
Gadelle D Phylogenomics of type II DNA topoisomerases. 2003 Bioessays 25 232-42
Wang JC Cellular roles of DNA topoisomerases: a molecular perspective. 2002 Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 3 430-40
Watt PM Structure and function of type II DNA topoisomerases. 1994 Biochem J 303 ( Pt 3) 681-95
Nichols MD Structure and function of an archaeal topoisomerase VI subunit with homology to the meiotic recombination factor Spo11. 1999 EMBO J 18 6177-88
Corbett KD Emerging roles for plant topoisomerase VI. 2003 Chem Biol 10 107-11



To cite PlanMine, please refer to the following publication:

Rozanski, A., Moon, H., Brandl, H., Martín-Durán, J. M., Grohme, M., Hüttner, K., Bartscherer, K., Henry, I., & Rink, J. C.
PlanMine 3.0—improvements to a mineable resource of flatworm biology and biodiversity
Nucleic Acids Research, gky1070. doi:10.1093/nar/gky1070 (2018)